TFS runs this query when deploying
We have created a question on StackOverflow: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/36494523/ssdt-publish-timeout
with the full explaination.
The objectproperty filter occurs very early on, so I suspect the runtime is due to the expense of checking permissions (has access). Running as sysadmin will skip those checks.
A post-execution (actual) plan would be much more useful than a pre-execution (estimated) plan here.